The appearance of self-defense units in Kyrgyzstan is the second time this year that civil society has been forced to hold the line. Where the state repeatedly fails to live up to its obligations, volunteers step in.
As Azerbaijan has been carrying out an offensive to take back its territories lost to Armenian forces in the 1990s, Azerbaijani civilians have been waging their own information war: to defend the country’s international reputation.
The foreign ministers of Armenia and Azerbaijan have flown to Moscow to meet their Russian counterpart in the first diplomatic talks between the two sides since heavy fighting broke out nearly two weeks ago.
On the first Friday after war resumed between Armenia and Azerbaijan, four prayer leaders in Azerbaijani-majority regions of Iran issued a statement offering their full-throttled support for one side in the conflict.